1891 – Albert Eadie and R.W. Smith started the Eadie Manufacturing company, which later went on to become the Enfield Cycle company at Redditch. Townsend Cycle company in Redditch was taken over by them to form the Enfield Manufacturing Company Ltd.
1893 – Started suppying precision rifle parts to the Royal Small Arms factory in Enfield, Middlesex. To capitalise on this prestigious contract the world ‘Royal’ is added and the brand ‘Royal Enfield‘ is born and the legendary ‘Made Like a Gun’ trademark is coined.
1898 – R.W Smith designs a prototype motorised vehicle, a four wheel bicycle known as quadricycle
1899 – Company launches Tricycles and Quadricycles powered by De Dion engine.
1900 – Quadricycle took part in the well known 1000 mile(1609 km) trial of 1900
1901 – 1st RE motorised bicycle is produced.
1904 – The engine is moved inside the frame for the first time. This becomes a standard configuration for the bikes
1906 – The Enfield Autocar company, the car manufacturing arm of Enfield cycle company is established on the 1st of March in Redditch
1907 – Alldays and Onions acquire Enfield Autocar company New Factory opened in Hewell Road site. It covered 24 acres ( 9.7 ha). This was RE’s home for the next 60 years
1909 – Royal Enfiled showcases its 2.5 HP V-twin powered engine motorcycle at the UK motorshow
1910 – The Enfiled Autocar company breaks away from RE
1911 – RE starts using chain drive system for its motorcycles. Model 160
1912 – 18 HP utility models launched. Sidecars are introduced
First British Motorcycle to employ rubber cush drive system in the rear wheel to minimize chain snatch. It was a separate hub with a series of rubber blocks and provided the chance of greatly increased chain life.This innovation was first to be sold and copied by countless other motorcycles
1913 – Indigenously developed the first – 225cc and 2 stroke & 3 HP/425cc ioe V-Twin engine
First British Motorcycle to feature Dry Sump Lubrication with an automatic geared Oil Pump. Every other manufacturer used pilgrim-type hand operated pump with its total loss lubrication system
1914 – RE was called on to supply motorcycles to the British War Dept in the wake of the First World War ( known as The Great War). Belgian government ordered 50 3 hp Enfield motorcycles for despatch riders.
1915 – Supplied to Imperial Russian Army
1916 – 6 HP motorcycles equipped with Lewis machine guns and strecher is manufactured for WW1
1919 – Resumes civilian production with the 8 HP sidecar combo and the 225 , 2 stroke model
1921 – Vickers manufacture 976cc V Twin Wolseley engine, designed by Royal Enfield, for bigger model motorcycles
1924 – 1st 4 stroke single cylinder 350cc motorcycle is launched
1926 – Ladies Model launched : 225cc
1928 – ‘Saddle Tank’ Design and centrespring girder front forks
1930 – The 1930 Model Range was announced
Model A -225 cc (64x70mm) two-stroke single
Model B – 225 cc (64x70mm) side-valve single
Model C – 346 cc (70x90mm) side-valve single
Model F – 346 cc (70x90mm) side-valve single
Model G – 346 cc (70x90mm) side-valve single
Model CO – 346 cc (70x90mm) overhead-valve single
Model D – 488 cc (85.5 x 85mm)side-valve single
Model H – 488 cc (85.5 x 85mm)side-valve single
Model HA – 488 cc (85.5 x 85mm)side-valve single
Model E – 488 cc (85.5 x 85mm)overhead-valve single
Model J – 488 cc (85.5 x 85mm)overhead-valve single
Model JA – 488 cc (85.5 x 85mm)overhead-valve single
Model K – 976 cc Side-valve V- twin
1931 – The Bullet bicycle is launched. 24 pounds
1932 – The Bullet Name Arrives. The now-famous ‘Bullet’ name was used applied to the range of ohv singles in 248,346 and 488cc engine sizes.
1933 – Major Frank Smith takes over the management of the company.Develops its 3-valve, 488cc single cylinder engine. The machine features for the first time anenclosed valve gear.
1935 – Enters its 500cc 4-valve racing model in the senior TT for the last time. Changes its engine to 3-valve the interval oil tank is now placed in front of the crankshaft
1937 – Lawn-movers are showcased at the British Industries Fair, alongside its bikes,cycles and carriers.
1938 – Model G is introduced and is considered as father of the post-war Bullet range
1939 – 1945 : Supplies the British War Dept. with the following during WWII:
Motorcycles, 125cc, 250cc, 350cc, 570cc.
Bicycles, military and civilian.
Predictors for Bofars anti-aircraft guns.
Oil motors for Bofars gun; ships stabilisers; searchlight controls; fuse setting, etc.
Diesel generator sets for wireless stations.
Petrol generator sets.
Electrically-driven generator sets, for testing aeroplanes and radar equipment.
Resetter boxes for gun sights.
Gyroscopic sight for Oerlikon and other guns.
Anti-vibration mounts for gun sights.
Armor-piercing shot for 40mm anti-tank guns.
Petrol-driven pump units for tank turrets.
Straight-line cams for use in precision instruments.
Self-synchronising equipment for 40mm guns.
Lag-compensating and self-sectoring equipment for gun sights.
Tubular crates for enclosing motorcycles to be dropped from parachutes.
Iconic WD/RE or Flying Flea is designed to be dropped by parachute with airborne troops.
Patents the ‘Neutral Finder ‘ consisting of a small lever placed on the side of the gearbox, wish brings the motorcycle into neutral when tapped on it.
1951 – Launches 692cc Meteor Twin. It is christened as the Worlds first superbike by motorcycling enthusiasts.
1953 – The famous RE metal wings starts appearing on the petrol tank during this time.
RE receives a massive order from the Indian Army to supply a total of 800 ,350cc bullets ohv singles.The performance,reliability and ease of maintenance of the bike made it suitable for police and army for patrolling the country’s border.The bikes had to be ‘ready for action’ , which meant each engine needed to be seize proof.
1954 – The iconic casquette with twin pilot lights arrives. Known as the ‘Tiger Eyes’it would become the striking feature of RE motorcycles.
Enfield India Ltd is established jointly with the RE, Redditch. Iyer floated Enfield India Ltd to manufacture Royal Enfield’s under license from the British company.
Royal Enfields were painted red, and marketed in the USA as Indian Motorcycles by the Brockhouse Corporation, who had control of the Indian Sales Corporation (and therefore Indian Motorcycles) and had stopped manufacturing all American Indians in the Springfield factory in 1953
List of Badge engineered bikes : Indian Fire Arrow (350 Bullet), Indian Chief(700 Meteor , Indian Trail Blazer (700 Meteor), Indian Fire Arrow (250 Crusader), Indian Hounds Arrow (250 Crusader)
1956 – Thiruvottiyur Factory is setup in Chennai( erstwhile Madras) on 2.96 acres of land. 163 Bullets are produced in the first year.
1959 – The 1st UCE 250cc engine is developed.
1960 – RE motorcycles, 250cc Hornet, 500cc Fury and the 700cc Interceptor win 31 out of 39 races in the Big Bear run in USA
1961 – Interceptor Series 1. To counter the onslaught of Japanese bikes RE England launches Interceptor in the US market
A 5 speed gearbox engine (launched with the Super 5) was developed, which made RE the first British production motorcycle to do so.
1962 – Fantabulus scooter launched in India. 173cc ,2 stroke
1963 – Café Racer styled Continental GT is launched. Britain’s fastest 250cc at that time
1966 – RE shuts down its Redditch Factory. The India operation continues
1969 – Rickman Brothers became involved with the Enfield marque.The result was Rickman Interceptor using a Series 2 engine. 736cc,Metisse chassis, 52 bhp twin, 190-193kmph
1970 – Last of the Interceptors marketed in the USA badged as Indian.The Enfield cycle company goes out of business in the UK. All Enfield units in UK shut shop and the machinery is sold off.
1973 – Enfield India launches the 2-stroke Crusader,powdered by a 175cc villers engine
1980 – Mini Bullet is launched to compete with the lighter models in India (200 cc Crusader engine)
1984 – Enfield India exports Bullets to UK owing to the rise in demand for Enfield Bullets.
1988 – Enfield India ties up with Zudapp to manufacture Fury (163cc),Explorer (50cc) and the Silver Plus (50cc). Explorer becomes 1st motorcycle in India to sport a disc brake
1989 – Enfield launches the MOFA. Mini moped designed by Morbidelli of Italy to manufacture in India. The 22 cc two-stroke engine had a centrifugal clutch and the fuel was carried in the frame down tube.
1991 – Enfield India launches the Worlds first Diesel motorcycle, Taurus.312 cc, 6.5 bhp Lombardini diesel engine, and 3.5 hp version, Gearbox was beefed up to withstand increased torque.
1993 – Bullet 500 launched in India. India’s first 500cc
1994 – Eicher group acquires Enfield India Ltd. Company is renamed to Royal Enfield
1996 – India’s first cruiser styled bike is launched- Lightning 535
1997 – 40 RE motorcycles ride from Delhi to Khardungla- one of the world’s highest motorable road. This marks the birth of Himalayan Odyssey.
1998 – Lean Burn Aluminium engine is introduced with the lauch of Machismo A 350
2000 – Royal Enfield – Official Website is launched. Riders and fans log on to share their stories
2001 – Electronic Ignition is added to motorcycles. It was introduced with Electra.
2002 – Thunderbird is launched.
2003 – Rider Mania-the Annual get-together of RE riders and fans starts in Goa.
2005 – RE celebrates 50 glorious years in India. The Royal Enfield Electra X powered by the Lean Burn 500cc kitted in the ‘Clubman’ guise dominates the café racer scene, with it being the only modern motorcycle available for enthusiasts.
2006 – Fully integrated Twinspark engine with a 5 speed transmission introduced. Performance and Fuel Efficiency improved.
2008 – Classic 500 launched at Intermot ,Germany for export markets
2009 – Classic 350 and 500 launched in India
2010 – Army Service Corps(ASC) Tornados team successfully mounts 54 men on a single RE 500cc setting a new world record
2011 – RE acquires 50 acres of land at Orragadam near chennai for their second plant.
2012 – Thunderbird 500 is launched. Royal Enfield Continental GT showcased at the Auto Expo-New Delhi .Apparels and accessories also launched.
2013 – Continental GT is launched
2014 – Enfield unveils its new logo which is “fresher, more vibrant and contemporary – while rigidly holding on to its British-motorcycling roots” alongside a monogram and crest.
2015 – As a tribute to the despatch riders of the World War era, Royal Enfield developed a new range of riding apparel and accessories as well as a new paint scheme for its Classic 500 motorcycles. Labelled as the Despatch motorcycles these were produced only in limited numbers.
2016 – RE Himalayan is launched.